英语十六时态表格总结(很全面)

 时间:2013-12-21 01:30:17 贡献者:沙珈℃

导读:英语时态表 —— 一般现在时、一般过去时 时态 名称 结构 常连用的词 主要用法 例句 陈述句:I am an office worker. 1 be 动词用 am/is/are 表示, 之后接名词,形 容词或介词。 often; usually; every…;

英语十六时态表格完整总结
英语十六时态表格完整总结

英语时态表 —— 一般现在时、一般过去时 时态 名称 结构 常连用的词 主要用法 例句 陈述句:I am an office worker. 1 be 动词用 am/is/are 表示, 之后接名词,形 容词或介词。

often; usually; every…; sometimes; 一般 2 行为动词用 V always; 现在 原形或 V-s/es, never; 时 引导疑问句和 否定句,用 do once/twice/… a 或 don’t;第三 week/month/year; 人称时用 does on Sundays/Mondays/….; 或 doesn’t,有 does 出现动词 用原形;第三人 称陈述句 V 后加 s 或 es. He is so lazy. They are at home now. 否定句: I am not Tim. She is not very beautiful. They are not in the office. 一般疑问句:Are you an officeassistant? 一般现在时表示 没有时限的持久 存在的习惯性的 动作或状态,或 现阶段反复发生 的动作或状态 beautiful? Is she陈述句:I work in Shanghai. He works at home. Davy never watches TV at home. 否定句: I don’t like the food in KFC. Davy doesn’t like the food in KFC either. 一般疑问句: Do you want a cup of coffee? Does she live near thesubway station?陈述句:I was a big boss.He was beautiful. We were in Beijing last year. 1.be 动词用过 yesterday; 否定句: I was not at home at that moment. 去式 was 或 the day before We were not at work yesterday. were 表示。

yesterday; 一般疑问句: Were you a teacher? 一般 在过去时间里所 last Was she in the office last week? 过去 week/month/year/….; 发生的动作或存 陈述句:I worked in Sunmoon. 时。

2 行为动词用 在的状态。

… ago; V-ed,陈述句, a moment ago; We studied English there. He lived inHongKong. 疑问句和否定 just now; 否定句: I didn’t work here. 句借助于 did,有 on/in+过去的时间; They didn’t see me. She liked English a lot. did 出现动词用 一般疑问句: Did you go to America? 原形。

Did he work in Sunmoon? 英语时态表——一般将来时、过去将来时 时态 名称 结构 常连用的词 主要用法 例句 陈述句:I will fly to KongKong tomorrow. tomorrow, the day after 一般 即将发生动 tomorrow; 将来 作或状态。

soon; 时 1 任何人称+will+V 原 next 形. week/month/year/...; the He will go with us. We will arrive in Shanghai next week. 否定句:I will never believe you again. He will not come tonight. We will not buy a car next year. 一般疑问句:Will you go there by train? Will he come tomorrow?

week/month/year/... after next; 2 is/am/are+going on/in +将来的时间; to+V 原形,表示计划 in+一段时间;. 打算做什么事情。

Will they live a five-star hotel? 陈述句:I’m going to go to Kongkong by air. 否定句:We are not going to buy a house here. 一般疑问句:Are they going to change their jobs? 特殊疑问句:How are you going to tell him? 陈述句:I was going to buy a computer. They told me that they were not going to 在过去将会 goabroad. 发生的动作。

否定句:I was not going to buy a computer. He said he would come in in Shanghai. I said I would buy you a car one day.过去 was/were going to +V 将来 原形 时 任何人称+would +V 原形多用在宾语从句中英语时态表——现在进行时、过去进行时 时态 名称 结构 常连用的词 主要用法 例句 陈述句:I’m waiting for my boy friend. now; 现在 进行 is/am/are+V-ing 时 at present; at the moment; Look!(放在句首); Listen! (放在句首); 表示现在 ( 指说话人 说话时) 正 在发生的事 情。

He is doing the housework at home now. We are enjoying ourselves. 否定句:He is not playing toys. 一般疑问句:Are you having dinner at home? Is Tim cooking in the kitchen? 特殊疑问句:What are you doing now? Where are they having a meal? at that time; at this time yesterday; at+时间点 +yesterday/lastnight; at that moment; 陈述句:I was doing my homework at that time. 过去一段时 间正在发生 的动作。

We were having a party while he was sleeping. 否定句:He was not sleeping at 11 o’clock lastnight. 一般疑问句: Were you watching TV at that time? 特殊疑问句: What were you doing at that moment?过去 进行 was/were+V-ing 时英语时态表 —— 现在完成时、过去完成时 时态 名称 结构 常连用的词 主要用法 用来表示之 前已发生或 完成的动作 或状态,其结 果的确和现 在有联系。

动 作或状态发 生在过去但 它的影响现 在还存在;也 例句 陈述句:I have already told Davy. Davy has known thismatter. He has lived here for nearly 10 years. 否定句:I haven’t finished my homework.. Tim hasn’t come yet. We haven’t heard any news about him 一般疑问句: Has he worked here since he came here? 特殊疑问句: How long have you worked in thiscompany?already;just;before; yet(否定句中);ever; never;once/twice/… for+一段时间; 现在 since +时间点; 完成 have/has+ p.p since+一段时间+ago; 时 (过去分词) by+现在时间; so far; up to now; till now; until now; recently/lately;

during/over/in thepast/last….可表示持续 到现在的动 作或状态。

简 单的说,就是 动作已经发 生对现在造 成明显的影 响。

1.have/has always been+名词/形容词/介词:总是或一直是什么样子。

He has always been a good father. I have always been busy. 特别注意: They have always been in America. 2.have/has gone to:去了。

He has gone to Beijing. They have gone to the cinema. 3. have/has been to:表示去过或到过。

I have been to Canada. Have you been to Hongkong? Where have you been? I have never been here. 陈述句:He said he had told Davy. 过去的过去: 过去 had + p.p(过 by+过去的时间; 完成 去分词) 表“过去某动作或时间以 时 前”的时间状语。

They told us they had finished the work. He left the office after he had called Davy. 动作发生在 否定句:She hadn’t had dinner before she went out. 过去的过去。

一般疑问句:Had she learnt English before she movedhere? 特殊疑问句:how many English words had he learnt by theend of last year? 英语时态表 —— 英语时态举例! Simple Present 一般现在时 Simple Past 一般过去时 Simple Future 一般将来时句子结构:主语+will+V. If you are having problems, I will help you study English. 句子结构:主语+V I study English everyday. 我每天都学习英语. 句子结构:主语+V-ed 如果你在学习英语当中,遇到问题,我将帮 助你. Two years ago, I studied English in America. 句子结构:主语+be going to+V 两年前,我在美国学英语. I’m going to study English next year. 我明年将开始学习英语. Past Continuous Present Continuous Future Continuous

过去进行时 现在进行时将来进行时句子结构:主语+will be+doing I will be studying English when you 句子结构:主语+was/were+doing 句子结构:主语+be+doing I am studyingEnglish now. 我正在学习英语. I was studying English when you called yeaterday. 你昨天给我打电话的时候,我正在学习英 语. arrive tonight. 明晚你来的时候,我会正在学习英语. 句子结构:主语+be going to+be+doing I’m going to be studying English when you arrive tonight. 同上.Present Perfect 现在完成时Past Perfect 过去完成时Future Perfect 将来完成时 句子结构:主语+will+have done I will have studied every tense by the time I finish this course.句子结构:主语+had done 句子结构:主语+have/has done I have studied English in several different countries. 在一些国家,我已经学习了英语. I had studied a little English before I moved to the U.S. 在我搬去美国之前,我已经学习了一点英 语. 在我完成这个课程的时候,我已经能完成 英语时态的学习了. 句子结构:主语+be going to+have done I’m going to have studied every tense by the time I finish this course. 同上.Present Perfect Continuous 现在完成进行时Past Perfect Continuous 过去完成进行时 句子结构:主语+hadbeen doingFuture Perfect Continuous 将来完成进行时 句子结构:主语+will have been doing句子结构:主语+have/has been

doing I have been studying English for ten years. 我已经学习英语有十年的时间了.I had been studying English for ten years before I moved to the U.S.I will have been studying English for over three hours by the time you arrive.在我搬去美国之前,我已经学习了十年的 明晚你来的时候,我已经学习英语 3 个小时 英语了. 了. 句子结构:主语+be going to have been doing I’m going to have beenstudying English for over three hours by the time you arrive 同上.英语时态表 —— 详细讲解-一般现在时 通常以动词原形表示。

主语为第三人称单数时,用现单三形式。

动词 be 和 have(表示“拥有”)各人称的单数形式为: 第一人称单数 第二人称单数 第三人称单数 Have Have Have Has Be Am Are is 一般现在时的否定式、疑问式和简单回答形式如下: 动词 be 与 have(表示“拥有”) :否定式直接把 not 放在动词之后,疑问式直接把动词放在主语之前,见下 表: 否定式 疑问式 Be Have Be Have I am not (I’m not)… I have not (haven’t)… Am i…? Have i…? You are not (aren’t)… You have not (haven’t)… Are you…? Have you…? He is not (isn’t)… He has not (hasn’t)… Is he …? Has he …? 动词 be 的否定疑问式和简单回答: 否定疑问式 肯定回答 否定回答 Am I not (aren’t i)…? Yes, you are. No, you aren’t Are you not (aren’t you)…? Yes, I am. No, I’m not. Is he not (isn’t he)…? Yes, he is. No, he isn’t 动词 be 与 have(表示“拥有”): 否定式直接把 not 放在动词之后, 疑问式直接把动词放在主语之前, 见下表: 否定式 疑问式 Be Have Be Have I am not (I’m not)… I have not (haven’t)… Am i…? Have I …? You are not (aren’t)… You have not (haven’t)… Are you …? Have you…? He is not (isn’t)… He has not (hasn’t)… Is he …? Has he …? 动词 have(表示“拥有”) 的否定疑问式和简单回答: 否定疑问式 肯定回答 否定回答 Have I not (haven’t i)…? Yes, you have. No, you haven’t. Have you not (haven’t you)…? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t. Has he not (hasn’t he)…? Yes, he has. No, he hasn’t. 注意:have 作为行为动词则只能按照行为动词的规则变化。

行为动词(以 study 为例)一般现在时的否定式、疑问式和简单回答(注意要加助动词 do/does) 否定式 疑问式 I do not (don’t) study Do I study You do not (don’t) study Do you study He does not (doesn’t) study Does he study 否定疑问句式 简单回答(肯定/否定)Do I not (Don’t I) study…? Yes, I do. No, I don’t. Do you not (Don’t you) study…? Yes, you do. No, you don’t. Does he not (Doesn’t he) study…? Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t. 英语时态表 —— 详细讲解-现在进行时、一般过去时 由助动词 be + 现在分词构成。

其中 be 有人称和数的变化,有三种形式:第一人称单数用 am, 第三人称 单数用 is, 其他用 are。

现在进行时的否定式是:直接在助动词 be 后面加上 not;疑问式是:把助动词 be 提到主语之前。

以 study 为例: 否定式 疑问式 I am not studying Am I studying? You are not studying, Are you studying? He is not studying. Is he studying? 一般过去时 一般过去时通常由动词过去式表示。

一般过去时的否定式、疑问式和简单回答形式要用助动词 do 的过去式 did, 同时注意实义动词要用原形。

以 study 为例,其否定式、疑问式和简单回答形式如下: 否定式 疑问式 I did not (didn’t) study…. Did I study…? You did not (didn’t) study…. Did you study…? He did not (didn’t) study…. Did he study…? 否定疑问式 简单回答 (肯定/否定)Did I not (Didn’t I) study…? Yes, you did. No, you didn’t. Di you not (Didn’t you) study…? Yes, I did. No, I didn’t. Did he not (Didn’t he) study…? Yes, he did. No, he didn’t. 英语时态表 —— 详细讲解-过去进行时、过去完成时 过去进行时 由助动词 be 的过去式 + 现在分词构成。

其中 be 有人称和数的变化,第一、第三人称单数用 was,其他 用 were. 1)过去进行时动词主要表示在过去某一时刻或某一段时间内正在进行或持续进行的动作。

过去进行时经常 与过去时配合使用。

例如: This time yesterday, we were having an English lesson. 昨天这个时候,我们正在上英语课。

The teacher was giving us a lesson when Tom walked into the room. 老师在给我们上课时,汤姆 走进教室。

While we were having supper, all the lights went out. 我们吃饭的时候,灯灭了。

He was reading while she was setting the table. 她摆桌子时,他在读书。

It was getting dark. The wind was rising. 天渐渐黑下来了。

风势增强了。

2)过去进行时动词常用 always, continually, frequently 等词连用,表示过去经常发生的行为。

这种用 法表明带有的感情色彩。

例如:

The two brothers were frequently quarreling when they were young. 两兄弟小时候常吵架。

In Qing Dynasty, China was always making concessions to western powers. 清朝时,中国总是 对西方列强妥协。

过去完成时 一律用 had + 过去分词构成。

用法: 1)表示发生在过去某一时间或动作之前的事情,即“过去的过去”。

用过去完成时,必须有一个过去的时间 或动作来作参照,说明在此之前某事已发生。

如果两个动作都是在过去发生的,先发生的用过去完成时,后 发生的用一般过去时。

例如: She told me she had been there three times before. 她告诉我她以前到过那里三次。

(“去过”发生在 “告诉”之前) How long had he taught here by the end of last term? 到上学期末为止,他在这里教学多长时间啦? (“教学”发生在上学期末结束之前) When we arrived, the football match had already begun. 我们到的时候,足球赛已经开始了。

She had visited China twice before she came this year. 她今年来中国之前已访问过中国两次了。

2)过去完成时动词可以表示过去某一时刻之前发生的动作或呈现的状态,这一动作一直持续到过去这一时 刻或将继续下去。

例如: By the middle of last month, I had lived in Beijing for five years. 到上月中旬,我已在北京住了五 年了。

By six o’clock they had worked for eight hours. 到六点为止,他们已工作八小时了。

When I came to Shanghai, he had been there for a long time. 我到上海时,他在那里很长时间了。

3)过去完成时动词常用于间接引语和虚拟语气,我们以后会详细讲述。

4)此外,过去完成时常用于 no sooner…than… 和 hardly(scarcely) …when… 这两个句型,前面部 分用过去完成时,后面部分用一般过去时。

例如: No sooner had he stolen the purse than he was caught red-handed. = He had no sooner stolen the purse than he was caught red-handed. 他刚偷到钱包就被当场抓获。

Saddam had hardly realized what was happening when he was captured. = Hardly had Saddam realized what was happening when he was captured. 萨达姆还没有意识到在发生什么事 情就被抓获了。

英语时态表 —— 详细讲解-过去完成进行时 、一般将来时 过去完成进行时 had been + 动词的现在分词。

用法:表示一直持续到过去某个时间的行为动作,此行为动作或刚结束、或还没结束(可以从上下文看出) 。

这一时态经常与一般过去时一起使用。

例如: When he came in, I had been trying to repair the TV for a couple of hours. 他进来的时候,我一直在努力 修理电视机好几个小时了 The roads were dangerous. It had been raining for two whole days. 道路很危险。

雨一直下了两整天。

They were tired because they had been digging since dawn. 他们累了,因为从天亮开始他们就一直在挖。

The boy was delighted with the new mountain bike. He had been hoping for one for a long time. 那男孩得 到一辆新山地自行车很高兴。

很长时间来他一直希望有一辆。

一般将来时 一般将来时动词表示将来发生的动作或情况。

主要有以下几种表现形式: (1)shall/will + 动词原形 表示单纯的将来,不涉及主语的主观意愿。

第一人称 I, we 用 shall 或 will,其余用 will. 其否定式、疑问式

和简单回答形式如下: 否定式 疑问式 I shall/will not study…. You will not study…. He will not study…. 否定疑问式 Shall I study…? Will you study…? Will he study…?简单回答(肯定/否定)Shall I not (shan’t i) study…? Yes, you will. No, you won’t. Will you not (Won’t you) study…? Yes, I shall/will. No, I shan’t/won’t. Will he not (Won’t he) study….? Yes, he will. No, he won’t. 例如: I shall be twenty years old next year. 我明年二十岁。

The sky is black. I think it will rain. 天黑下来了。

我想可能会下雨。

You will meet him at the station this afternoon. 你下午会在车站碰到他。

The train will arrive soon. 火车快要到了。

When shall we see you next time? 我们下次什么时候能看见你呢? He probably won’t go with us. ??他大概不能和我们一起去。

注意: 1)shall, will 的缩写形式为’ll, 如 I’ll, you’ll, he’ll 和 she’ll 等。

2)will 用于第一人称时,可以表示将来的意愿、决心、允诺、命令等;shall 用于第二、三人称时,可以表 示说话人的将来的意愿。

例如: I will give you a new pen for your birthday. 我将送你一支新钢笔作为生日礼物。

(允诺) I will take the college entrance examination. 我将参加大学入学考试。

(决心) Shall I open the window? 我打开窗户好吗?(征求允诺) You shall have the book as soon as I get it. 我一拿到书就给你。

(说话人的允诺) The enemy shall not pass. 决不让敌人通过。

(说话人的保证) I will do my best to help you. 我愿意尽力帮助你。

(意愿) Nobody shall be late for the meeting. 任何人开会都不能迟到。

(说话人的命令) (2)be going + 动词不定式 1)这种结构表示主体现在打算在最近或将来要做某事。

这种打算往往是事先考虑好的。

例如: My brother is going to learn English next year. 我哥哥准备明年学英语。

I am going to meet Tom at the station at six. 我六点钟要到火车站去接汤姆。

She is not going to be there. 她不会到那儿去的。

When are you going to finish your work? 你的工作什么时候做完? He is going to stay a week. 他准备呆一星期。

We are going to call a meeting to discuss it. 我们准备开个会来讨论一下。

2)这种结构还可以表示说话人根据已有的迹象认为非常可能即将发生某事。

例如: Look at these black clouds?it is going to rain. 看这些乌云?要下雨了。

I think it is going to snow. 我看要下雪。

I am afraid I am going to have a bad cold. ??恐怕我要得重感冒。

英语时态表 —— 详细讲解-将来进行时 将来进行时 shall/will be + 现在分词 用法:将来进行时动词表示在将来某一段时间内将会发生的动作。

This time next week we shall be working in that factory. 下星期这时候,我们将在那个工厂劳动。

When I get up tomorrow morning, my mother will be getting breakfast for me. 当我明天早晨起床时,我妈 妈将在为我准备早饭。

I will be seeing him next month. 我下个月将要见他。

Tomorrow we will be going to the village fair.????????我们明天去赶集。

We will be taking our holiday at the seaside in July. 七月份我们要去海边度假。

一般将来时与将来进行时都表示将来,那么如何区别一般将来时和将来进行时呢?将来进行时不表示个人意 愿,强调主观上感觉某事即将发生,并对这一事情有着期待,感情色彩较浓,强调动作。

一般将来时主要是 对某一事情即将发生做一个事实性的说明或陈述,强调事实或意愿。

英语时态表 —— 详细讲解-过去将来时、将来完成时 过去将来时 (1)由 should/would + 动词原形构成。

第一人称用 should; 第二、三人称用 would。

美国英语所有人称一 律用 would. should/would 的简略形式为’d, 如 I’d, you’d; would not 和 should not 的简略形式分别为 wouldn’t 和 shouldn’t. (2)过去将来时表示从过去某时间看将要发生的事情,多用在宾语从句中。

还可以表示过去的倾向或过去 经常发生的事情。

如: They asked me if I would go to Guangzhou soon. 他们问我是否很快要去广州。

She told me she would come again next week. 她和我说她下周还来。

I told him to leave immediately, but he wouldn’t. 我告诉他马上离开,但他不。

He’d play the violin when he was in low spirits. 他情绪低落的时候,就拉小提琴。

When I was in college, I would find a part-time job during the summer holidays every year to earn my tuition. 我上大学的时候,每年暑假都找份临时工挣学费。

(3)其他表示过去将来时的结构: 将来完成时 shall/will + have + 过去分词 用法:将来完成时动词主要表示在将来的某一时刻或将来的某一时刻之前完成的动作,这一动作也可能继续 进行。

例如: By seven o’clock this afternoon we shall have got to Shanghai if the train keeps good line. 如果火车运行正 常,我们今天下午七点就到上海了。

Before bedtime Xiao Ming will have completed his work. 到上床睡觉的时候,小明会做完他的工作(或作 业) 。

By February next year this foreign expert will have been here on this job for five years. 到明年二月,这个 外国专家在这儿做这项工作就满五年了。

By Sept. 2008 Beijing will have held/hosted the Olympic Games. ??到 2008 年 9 月, 北京将举行完了奥运会。

 
 

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